Hosomaki

Thin rolls with Rice on the Inside and Nori on the Outside

Tuna Hosomaki roll

Hosomaki rolls are becoming quite popular as light lunchtime or snack time fair as they are small and bite sized.

They can be quite healthy, as the sushi rice contains rice vinegar which has antibacterial properties and is also known for its ability to help lower blood pressure.

The nori also has quite the health benefit as it contains iodine as well as vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, niacin, and C while also helping to curb the formation of cholesterol deposits in the blood vessels.

Add in a fish like salmon or tuna which are high in omega-3's and you can see why the Japanese people have one of the longest life expectancies of any people in the world.

Hosomaki usually only contains 1 ingredient and is about 1" in diameter when assembled. Because of its thin diameter, most people find it harder to roll than the next larger chumaki roll.

Some popular types of Hosomaki are:

  • Tekkamaki - This one is made with Tuna and actually originated in gambling dens called "tekkaba". They were considered a quick snack that could be eaten with one hand (much like a sandwich) while still being able to use the other hand for gambling.
  • Kappamaki - this roll is made with Japanese cucumber and is traditionally used to cleanse the pallet between the different kinds of seafood or fish.
  • Negitoromaki - Chopped fatty tuna (toro) is usually used for this roll, with a bit of chopped scallions (negi).
  • Kanpyomaki - Marinated dried gourd strips (kanpyo) is the main ingredient in this one.
  • Takuan Hosomaki - This roll is made with takuan (pickled daikon).

Keep in mind that you can use this recipe to duplicate a sushi roll that you had at a sushi bar if it passes the hosomaki roll test:

1. It was about 1 inch in diameter

2. It had 1 ingredient in it.

Just try to note what ingredient and condiments it had in it so you can duplicate it later.

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How to make a Hosomaki Roll

Ingredients

Sushi Rice (this will yield 4 cups of rice and this recipe 6 rolls)

(Try to buy a high quality Japanese short grain white rice if you can)

Sushi Nori

Ingredient for filling sliced into approximately 3/8" square matchsticks (like Tuna, crab, Japanese or hot house cucumber, Takuan (pickled daikon radish), salmon, or seasoned kampyo gourd strips

Condiment like imitation wasabi, real wasabi or Japanese mayonaisse

Supplies

Bamboo Sushi Mat

Preparation

Measuring 8 inch side of nori to cut it in half to 4 inches
4 x 7 inch nori sheets

1. The Hosomaki roll is made by taking a 8 x 7 inch sheet of Nori and cutting the sheet in half on the 8 inch side so that you end up with two 4 x 7 inch sheets. See pictures above. You can also fold over and break the nori sheet in half. 

*** Beginner Tip ***

The slim hosomaki roll can be one of the most difficult for beginners to roll without rice squeezing out from the seams. To make it a lot easier, cut your nori at 5x7 instead of 4x7 and leave a full 1" at the far edge when you spread out your rice.

This trick will help you make a perfect hosomaki roll everytime!

4x7 inch sheet on sushi mat or makisu

2. The sheet is then laid on a bamboo sushi mat, shiny side down,  with the 7 inch side closest to you. Leave about 3 or 4 slats visible on the side nearest to you.

Measuring 1/2 cup of rice for hosomaki roll
1/2 cup of rice on nori for hosomaki roll

3. One of the best ways that I have found to make your hosomaki rolls a consistent size is by measuring your rice each time. Take your 1/2 cup measure and moisten the inside with vinegared water so that the rice will not stick. Shake out any excess. Then measure out 1/2 cup of rice and put it on your nori sheet. Refer to the pictures above.

Dipping fingers in vinegared water
Tapping fingers on towel to remove excess vinegared water

4. Dip your hands in vinegared water (1/4 cup rice vinegar + 1 cup water) and tap your fingers on a folded damp rung-out towel to remove any excess water.

1/2 cup of rice spread on nori with wasabi

5. Spread the rice over the entire sheet coming to the edges on the right, left and closest to you but leaving about a 1/2" strip along the 7 inch side farthest away from you. The picture above is taken from the side farthest away from you so that you can see the 1/2" strip of nori used to seal the roll. If you need to leave 3/4" to make sealing a little easier that is ok too. 

Leave a 1" strip if you cut your nori to 5x7 instead of 4x7 to make rolling easier.

The rice will be very sticky, so moisten your fingers often. And also, it helps to push the rice from the center to the edges quickly and evenly. 

6. If using wasabi or a condiment of some sort, spread it across the center of the rice. See pictures above.

Adding tuna to hosomaki roll

7. Spread a row of a single ingredient like salmon, tuna, crab or cucumber across the center of the rice.

1st step in rolling hosomaki roll
Stop when the mat touches down on the far edge of the rice

8. Lift the edge of the mat closest to you with both hands by putting your thumbs under the mat and while lifting up, use your fingers to hold the fillings in place.

9. Keep rolling, while pressing the fillings into the rice and stop when the mat touches straight down on the far edge of the rice. Make sure the exposed nori is still visible.

Tighten the hosomaki roll in the center
And then tighten the hosomaki roll on the left and then the right side also...

10. Tighten up this part of the roll by pulling the mat covered part of the roll with your left hand while also tugging 3 times on the free edge of the mat with your right hand; once in the center, once on the left and once on the right.

The pictures above showing tightening in the center and left side of the roll. You also need to do the right side. You should see more exposed nori now because you are "tightening" the roll.

Finished hosomaki roll
Finished hosomaki roll

11. Now, continue to roll until the exposed part of the nori has been rolled under. Hold it still for a little bit to allow the roll to seal. 

Slice the hosomaki roll in the exact center

12. Wipe your sushi knife with the damp vinegared tea towel so that it won't stick to your roll when slicing.

Finished hosomaki roll on sushi plate

13. Slice into 6 or 8 pieces and serve. 


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David Guthrie, EzineArticles Basic Author